, popularly known as mud cloth
, is made by the Bamana people of southwestern Mali. The Bamana are a village based society mainly consisting of farmers, though textile artists are one of many “craft castes” that one is born into. Cotton cloth woven into strips by men is decorated in symbolic geometric patterns by women by a several-stage discharge method using mud, bark and vegetable dyes.
created international interest when it was introduced into the fashion design world in the early 1980s by young Malian designer Chris Seydou
. Artists continue to update the tradition today, introducing more colors and larger, bolder designs for the local and international market.